Ethiopia says Eritrea has agreed to withdraw forces from Tigray region
Eritrea has agreed to withdraw troops from Ethiopian territory along their common border, Ethiopia's prime minister said on Friday, days after acknowledging that Eritrean forces had entered Ethiopia's Tigray region during an almost five-month war.
"Eritrea has agreed to withdraw its forces out of the Ethiopian border," Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said in a statement on Twitter the day after arriving in Eritrea's capital, Asmara, to meet President Isaias Afwerki.
The Ethiopian National Defence Force will take over guarding the border area effective immediately, Abiy said.
Eritrea's information minister, Yemane Gebremeskel, did not return calls and text messages seeking comment.
Thousands of people have been killed in fighting between Ethiopian government troops and the Tigray region’s former ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), that began in November.
Eritrean national security officials said that they feared attacks from the TPLF, FRANCE 24 correspondent Maria Gerth-Niculescu said.
Hundreds of thousands more people were forced to flee their homes in the region of about five million.
The government declared victory in late November but fighting has continued in some areas.
Medical aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said on Thursday its staff saw Ethiopian soldiers shoot dead four civilians in Tigray this week.
Abiy confirmed for the first time on Tuesday that troops from Eritrea had entered Tigray during the conflict, the first such acknowledgement after months of denials.
Eritrean troops have gone further into Tigray than just along the joint border.
Reuters journalists on a trip to Tigray this month saw hundreds of soldiers in Eritrean uniforms travelling in vehicles with Eritrean plates in large towns and along the main road between the regional capital, Mekelle, and the city of Shire.
There are widespread reports of killings, torture and gang rapes of civilians by the Eritreans.
This month, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he wanted to see Eritrean forces and those from the Amhara region replaced in Tigray by security forces that would respect human rights.
Blinken described acts carried out in the region as “ethnic cleansing”, accusations that Ethiopia has denied.
(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS)
An Istanbul court on Friday handed life sentences to two former police chiefs and two top ex-security officers over the gangland-style killing of a high-profile Turkish-Armenian journalist who promoted cross-cultural ties.
Dozens of suspects faced a range of charges over the 2007 death of Hrant Dink, who was shot twice in the head in broad daylight outside the front door of Agos, a bilingual Turkish-Armenian newspaper he edited.
The 52-year-old's death plunged Turkey's Armenian community into mourning and sparked a sprawling trial that lasted over a decade and involved top security officers who were accused of knowing about the murder plot but failing to act.
Dink's work focused on mending ties between Ankara and Yerevan, still sorely strained by the mass killing of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during World War I, which Turkey refuses to recognise as genocide.
The journalist's family and colleagues accused the highest echelons of Turkey's police and security services of being behind his death.
Istanbul's main court sentenced the city's former police intelligence chief Ramazan Akyurek and his former deputy Ali Fuat Yilmazer to life in prison for "premeditated murder".
Former top Istanbul interior ministry officers Yavuz Karakaya and Muharrem Demirkale were also jailed for life.
But charges against another senior security officer were dropped due to the statute of limitation, and the former police chiefs of Istanbul and the Black Sea region of Trabzon -- where the confessed killer was from -- were acquitted.
Ogun Samast, who was an unemployed 17-year-old at the time, had confessed to the murder and was sentenced to almost 23 years in jail in 2011.
- 'Bitter taste'-
Dink's supporters and human rights activists still believe that the most senior police officials have gone unpunished and want the investigation and trials to run on.
"Some of those responsible for this assassination, including the sponsors, have still not been prosecuted," said Erol Onderoglu, Turkey representative for Reporters Without Borders (RSF), who has closely followed the trial.
"This partial justice rendered after 14 years leaves a bitter taste and should not mark the end of the search for the truth."
For years, prosecutors have looked into alleged links between the suspects and US-based Muslim preacher Fethullah Gulen, who is accused of masterminding a failed coup against President Recept Tayyip Erdogan in 2016.
The Istanbul court on Friday ruled that Dink's murder was committed "in line with the objectives of Feto" -- an acronym Ankara uses for Gulen's banned movement.
Dink's wife Rakel had said in January that blaming Gulen for her husband's death nearly a decade before the failed coup was akin to saying: "I didn't kill him, but my hand did".
A lawyer representing Dink's family vowed to appeal the ruling with the Supreme Court.
"It is a verdict that did not condemn all those responsible," lawyer Hakan Bakircioglu told reporters.
"This is verdict resulted in a wrongful acquittal of several people responsible for the the assassination, whose guilt was provided with proof."
The marathon trial, which Turkish media said involved 131 hearings, resulted in the acquittal of 37 defendants.
Twenty-six were sentenced to jail terms of various length, while nine remain at large and have warrants out for their arrest.
The newspaper's current editor, Yetvart Danzikyan, called Friday's verdict "deficient".
"We want the plot that killed Hrant to be revealed. The plot that killed Hrant Dink has not been fully disclosed with this ruling," Danzikyan said.
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